As with many other chemical processes, this is based on combustion of the raw material. The natural gas is ignited under pressure in a turbine, and as it burns it drives the turbine. A connected generator can convert the energy obtained in this way into the end product: electricity.
Gas can also be used as a pure raw material in numerous chemical processes such as the production of fertiliser or hydrogen. Transportation always involves pipelines that are many kilometres in length. However, the liquefied form of the gas – LNG – is transported in huge tankers.
In future, it will be possible to use the existing gas infrastructure to transport biomethane. Technical adaptations will also allow the network to be used to transport hydrogen.