LNG, the abbreviation that is currently on everyone’s lips, stands for liquefied natural gas. The name is a good clue to what LNG is all about. It is the liquid form of natural gas. To reach a liquid state, the natural gas is cooled down to about minus 160 degrees Celsius (-160 °C). It then only occupies a minimal fraction of the volume of gaseous natural gas – about one six-hundredth, to be precise.
This allows it to be transported in large volumes over long distances. LNG is transported in large tankers which store the LNG in isolated tanks.